Salta ai contenuti. | Salta alla navigazione

Sezioni
Home Ricerca News Ricerca Prof. Cegolon articolo sulla rivista Scientific Reports: "Birth Control Knowledge Among Freshmen of Four Italian Universities"

Prof. Cegolon articolo sulla rivista Scientific Reports: "Birth Control Knowledge Among Freshmen of Four Italian Universities"

Cegolon, L., Bortolotto, M. Bellizzi, S., Cegolon, A., Mastrangelo, G., Xodo, C. (2020). Birth control knowledge among freshmen of four Italian universities. Scientific reports, 10, pp. 1-16.
Prof. Andrea Cegolon

Prof. Andrea Cegolon

Cegolon, L., Bortolotto, M. Bellizzi, S., Cegolon, A., Mastrangelo, G., Xodo, C. (2020). Birth control knowledge among freshmen of four Italian universities. Scientific reports, 10, pp. 1-16.

Since sexual health education (SHE) is not mandatory in Italian schools, we conducted a survey on freshmen of four Italian university campuses in 2012 to investigate the respective level of sexual health knowledge (SHK) in relation to birth control, with the aim to inform public health policy makers. A convenience strategy was employed to sample 4,552 freshmen registered with various undergraduate courses at four Italian universities: Padua university (Veneto Region); university of Milan (Lombardy Region); university of Bergamo (Lombardy Region); university of Palermo (Sicily Region). We investigated the level of SHK on birth control using 6 proxy indicators: (1) the average length of a woman’s period; (2) the most fertile interval within a woman’s period; (3) the event between the end of a period and the beginning of the next cycle; (4) the average survival of spermatozoa in the womb; (5) the concept of contraception; (6) the efficacy of various contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancies. The level of SHK of freshmen sampled was rather low, as 60% interviewees did not know the average length of a woman’s period, the average survival of spermatozoa in the womb and the concept of contraception, whilst the most fertile interval within a woman’s period was known only to 55% of interviewees. The mean score of SHK on the efficacy of various contraceptive methods was only 5 (scale 0–17). Some categories of students were consistently and signifcantly less knowledgeable on birth control: students from the university of Palermo; those with vocational secondary school education and those not in a romantic relationship at the time the survey was conducted. The results of this survey clearly call for the introduction of SHE programs in Italian schools, as already done in several European countries. School SHE should start as early as possible, ideally even before secondary school.

Versione pdf